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As its name signifies, hosting is a solution, which involves hosting web content. There are various forms and types of website hosting, depending on the goals and on the functions. Still, they all entail hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the World Wide Web. A host is actually a hosting server that is linked to the World Wide Web and has its very own IP address, which enables users to access it through the World Wide Web. The hosting server's architecture and its limitations are determined by the type of web hosting solution it's going to be utilized for.

What are the different types of hosting?

Depending on the goal, the hosting service may be:

File Storage Web Hosting - this type of hosting permits the users to accommodate their files on a given hosting server. With the regular file storage hosting service, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the individual that's utilizing the service. This hosting solution mainly concerns backups of computers , docs, personal files and even other servers. This solution may also involve given limitations in terms of the storage space and the root privileges. There may also be bandwidth limits, but that depends on the actual web hosting provider.

Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is very similar to the previous web hosting service type. Nonetheless, in contrast with the file hosting solution, the warez web hosting solution is used for distributing patented content without being given the okay to do so by the copyright keeper. To put it briefly - it pertains to the illegitimate transmission of files and materials. There are a lot of ways for this to be achieved, but the 2 main approaches are - via simple Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first approach involves either a certain website, or, most typically, just a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download licensed content for free. The second way entails a P2P connection, using the so-called Torrent web servers, through which people exchange files between each other. There aren't many web space hosting corporations that permit such form of web hosting on their servers, mostly due to all the legal troubles that it entails. Usually such web sites are hosted on private dedicated hosting servers that are registered by 3rd party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.

Mail Hosting - this solution is used with both shared web hosting and dedicated hosting, based on the customer's desire. If you wish to build your own private SMTP e-mail server, then you will require either a VPS or a dedicated hosting server that provides the access level needed to perform such an assignment. For traditional email web hosting ends, though, you can utilize a standard shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a service that's very popular, since the web site hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, often owned by separate web hosting providers.

Web Page Hosting - the most widespread and broadly utilized web hosting service nowadays. It's utilized for hosting web site files, whose sort is determined by the Operating System the hosting server is using - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files request different web hosting server OSs, otherwise they won't be shown properly on the Internet. This kind of web hosting may have data storage space and bandwidth limits, root-level access and CPU usage limits.

Based on the goals and on the usage, the client should choose the sort of web server that he requires for his work, and, of course, the webspace hosting vendor that's going to supply it. There are different kinds of hosting servers, depending on the specs and the webspace hosting solutions that they provide. These are:

Shared Web Hosting Servers - a shared web page hosting server supplies a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, is manifested in the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small size and medium sized web portals, which do not need considerable quantities of disk storage and traffic.

Semi-dedicated Hosting - they work on the very same principle as the shared web hosting servers. Nonetheless, there are much less users accommodated on the same web hosting server. That is why, each of them will receive a greater share of the server's resources like RAM, disk space, web traffic and CPU. Perfect for hosting bulky websites that do not demand full server root access.

Virtual Private Servers - the virtual web hosting servers are excellent for middle size sites, which do demand root access to the server's config files. Traditionally, there are a handful of Virtual Private Server web hosting accounts situated on the same physical machine. Nevertheless, each of them is independent from the others and runs its own OS.

Dedicated Servers - a fully dedicated server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a large quantity of system resources. It also gives full root-level access, which renders it the optimal environment for any kind of web site that requires a website hosting service.

The only question that's left is:

Which hosting company should I settle on?

As already mentioned, there are very few web hosts providing warez web hosting services due to legal complications. Such hosting companies are being closed down almost every month. Therefore, if you wish to run such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared site hosting solution is the most widespread kind of hosting service. Therefore, each and every site hosting company offers it. Not all of them, though, provide solutions such as private virtual web servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated servers. Most of the smaller web site hosting corporations do not have the means needed for maintaining those services. Hence it's always best to choose a larger web hosting company that can supply its clients with all the services that they necessitate. You can easily recognize such hosting companies by the kinds of solutions that they are providing and by the manner in which they present them to the clients. For example, some web hosting companies permit you to begin with a small sized web site hosting package and then move to a more advanced one, if you deem it mandatory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not need to relocate web portals between servers and there is no chance of experiencing downtime due to all the predicaments that may arise. Companies such as 'Freehostia' provide all kinds of solutions and have the needed web hosting server resources and personnel to guarantee that their customers will not face any hassles when swapping services, which is what a top web hosting corporation is actually all about.